How to behave in the event of an accident in the nuclear power plant?
If there was an accident in the nuclear power plant, residents would be informed by sirens, later by radio and television they could receive precise information and advice about how to act. State agencies have prepared the State Plan of Public Protection in Case of Nuclear or Radiological Accident by which residents’ protection shall be organized. However, people should take responsibility for their own safety and know how to behave in such an accident.
How to prepare food stocks?
How to prepare basic protective measures for the respiratory system?
In the event of an accident in the nuclear power plant, the environment may be contaminated with radioactive substances which spread or settle on the land surface. In order to prevent from radioactive substances, it is important to take proper care of respiratory tract protection. Residents shall be informed about measures to take for respiratory tract protection through radio and television.
Protection from radioactive substances may include using all types of gas-masks and respirators, yet it is also possible to use self-made safety devices - bandages made of cotton wool and a layer of gauze - that will provide sufficient protection from radioactive substances.
A bandage is prepared in the following way:
Various types of special suits for body protection are available, but they are usually used by workers eliminating the consequences of an accident. Residents can wear coats, jackets, raincoats, polyethylene cloaks etc. Yet, it is necessary to fasten all the buttons or other fasteners, put up collars, and put on rubber or leather gloves. Rubber footwear offers the best protection for feet.
Iodine is used to protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine. Start to use iodine tablets only when it is announced through mass media.
Iodine prophylaxis shall be applied only when the Ministry of Health recommends it to directors of municipal administrations. After receiving recommendations from the Ministry of Health, directors of municipal administrations shall inform residents through mass media.
Iodine is used to protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine. For the protection it is advisable to use tablets of potassium iodide (KI). When they are not available, 5% tincture of iodine may be sufficient.
Single daily dose of stable iodine preparations for various groups of people may be different:
Important to note that newborns up to 1 years old, pregnant or breastfeeding women should take onetime iodine dosage (i.e. iodine should be taken once with regard to age group). Residents of other age groups should take a few onetime dosages, but not more than 10.
Onetime iodine dosage protects thyroid for 24 hours.
It is recommended to consume iodine tablets after meal. Children may consume it dissolved in a drink or liquid food. Dissolved tablets should be consumed immediately since they may become inactive quite fast.
If there is no possibility to consume iodine tablets, it is possible to consume 5% iodine solution which may be used as such:
If you receive the instruction to stay at home:
In case of evacuation
If there is a threat of an emergency or if an emergency occurs, residents who live in a radius of 30 kilometres from Belarus Nuclear Power Plant or Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant will be informed through radio or television about the evacuation. Prepare all necessary items that you will take when leaving.
Necessary items to take:
Residents living in a radius of 5 kilometres from the Nuclear Power Plant shall be evacuated as soon as there is a threat of an emergency, regardless of whether an emergency occurs or it is possible to avoid it.
For residents living in a radius of 30-100 kilometres from the Nucear Power Plant there may be a need for a temporal resettlement (this measure is not that urgent as evacuation).
In case of such emergencies, it is recommended to have Emergency Supply Kit prepared in advance. The Emergency Supply Kit should be kept in an accessible place which is known for all family members so that it could be easily found:
Avoiding radioactive substances to get inside, residents who evacuate by using their own transportation should:
Keep in mind your neighbours: particularly disabled persons and elderly people. Ensure that they have heard the announcements. Ensure somebody can take care of them; if nobody is available to offer them any necessary assistance – try to help them or call emergency number 112.
Take your pets together. Farmers will be informed about livestock as well.
Before leaving home, turn off all electrical devices, tightly close windows and doors. Basically, carry out all actions which are taken before leaving home for a few days.
Try to stay calm.
If you are able to live for 72 hours without external aid, then you are prepared for the evacuation.