How to behave in the event of an accident in the nuclear power plant?

In the event of an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant, residents will be notified by short messages sent to cell phones and sirens, and they will receive accurate information and advice on the measures to take via radio and television. State and municipal authorities have plans in place to protect the population, but residents are also responsible for their own safety and have to know what to do in case of an accident. Residents should take care of themselves and their family members for at least 72 hours.



Before an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant  

• Prepare food and water supplies for three days in case of the recommendation to stay at home;

• Set up your phone to receive alert notifications in order to receive timely and specific information about the danger that may occur in your area;

• Purchase a respirator or gas mask, stable potassium iodide tablets for all family members, which can be obtained in the pharmacies;

• Make a Family Plan;

• If you live within a 30 km radius of Belarus or Ignalina Nuclear Power Plants, prepare for evacuation. A recommended list of items is available here. Residents within a 5 km radius of the Nuclear Power Plant would be evacuated if there is a danger of the accident, no matter whether or not the accident would actually occur. If you live within a 30 to 100 km radius of the Nuclear Power Plant, you may need to be temporarily relocated. You can check the distance from your residence place to Belarus or Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant here.

In the event of an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant 

If an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant were to release radiation in your area, the Population Warning and Information System would be activated. Precise information and advice on how to behave would also be broadcast on radio and television.

• Listen carefully to radio and television information;

If you are advised to stay indoors: you will first need to shield your home. Close doors, windows and vents. Cover chimneys, vents, and other air intakes. Do not forget the balcony doors either. When everything is tight, seal the windows and doors with paper or protective tape. Plastic windows and balcony doors are very tight and do not require additional sealing;

• Go to the basement of the house or other underground area, if possible. If not – try to stay in the middle of the building, away from the outer walls or attic of the building. Bring your pets with you;

• Take stable potassium iodide tablets if you are told;

Keep your radio and TV on as you will be constantly updated with the latest information and recommendations for action.

After a nuclear accident

• Stay tuned to your radio or TV for the latest emergency information;

• Take stable potassium iodide tablets if you are told;

• If you have been told to evacuate, follow the instructions of the responsible officers;

• Follow recommendations for protective actions;

• If you have been outside, return home, change potentially exposed clothes and shoes and put them in a plastic bag, seal it and place it out of the house. Follow decontamination instructions;

• Seek medical treatment for unusual symptoms such as nausea;

• Help neighbours, especially those who may require special assistance – infants, the elderly and the disabled;

• Return home only when officials say it is safe;

• Keep food in covered containers or in the refrigerator.


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